The book by Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko, Stephen J. Bailey, Pekka Valkama, Innovative Trends in Public Governance in Asia, has just been published by IOS Press. I have written, with three colleagues from Evidence Based Policy in Development Network (ebpdn) from Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines, one of the chapters (See book website)
Governance Reforms in Three Southeast Asian Countries: the Role of Research-based Evidence in Promoting Innovations
Arnaldo Pellini, Palmira Permata Bachtiar, Maria Dolores Alicias, Nguyen Thi Thu Hang
To respond to slow economic development, urbanization and other challenges many South East Asian countries have undertaken wide ranging public administration reforms, ranging from the big bang decentralization in Indonesia which started in 1999 to the more gradual approach taken by the government of Vietnam. The objectives have usually been to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of service provision in order to reduce transaction costs and enhance opportunities for economic growth and respond to the citizens’ demand for greater participation in decision making processes. This chapter describes specific innovation in the field of governance looking at the role that research-based evidence has played in informing or influencing the policy reforms. The assumption is that while governance reforms are extremely complex, the adoption of an evidence-based approach to pilot and design the reforms can enhance the possibility to design policies and define practices more in line with specific institutional needs and local demands. Three case studies illustrate these developments: One Stop Services in Indonesia, development planning through participatory rural appraisal in the Philippines, and the case of simplification of administrative procedures in Vietnam.